What are anxiety disorders and how are they divided?

Discover the world of anxiety disorders - learn about their symptoms, mental and behavioral, and common conditions like panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Find out how they're treated with a mix of therapy and medication. Dive deeper into understanding panic attacks in our detailed article.
What are anxiety disorders
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Anxiety disorders refer to a group of mental health conditions characterized by excessive anxiety and related symptoms. Around 15% of people experience some type of anxiety disorder throughout their lives, although not all cases reach the severity that affects daily functioning. While fear is a normal response to an imminent threat, anxiety arises from less clear or distant dangers or without an apparent cause.

When the feeling of anxiety escalates beyond what’s reasonable, interfering with your day-to-day life, it can be classified as an anxiety disorder. Here are various aspects where you might encounter symptoms:

Symptoms Mental:
1. Persistent worrying about multiple things at once or focusing on one issue excessively (rumination).
2. Feeling anxious or tense in situations where no specific danger exists (generalized anxiousness).
3. Perception of impending doom despite there being nothing dangerous nearby (“danger sense”).
4. Difficulty relaxing even when not exposed to any stressors – these feelings may persist for long periods before subsiding significantly on their own (“anxious waiting” also called anticipatory anxiety). Inability to let go of thoughts easily leading towards rumination (“persistent thinking”) which could focus on past experiences causing distress and unease (referred to as “derealization” – experiencing disconnection from reality) and losing touch with one’s identity resulting in feeling detached from self and surroundings (“depersonalization”). Additionally, difficulties in maintaining attention due to intrusive thoughts can negatively impact cognitive performance severely (“deterioration of concentration”).Behavioral Symptoms: These relate primarily to actions taken under emotional pressure rather than solely physical manifestations: 1) Repetitive behaviors such as picking fingers nervously; these actions provide temporary relief but don’t address underlying anxieties properly – known as “manipulation anxiety”.
Text revision:
Anxiety can bring about motor restlessness or immobility. Symptoms in the body include:
1. Chest tightness, choking sensation, shortness of breath, quick breathing.
2. Fast heartbeat, palpitations, raised blood pressure.
3. Nausea, quick intestinal movements leading to diarrhea.
4. Frequent urination needless to mention shaking hands and voice tremors.
5. Sleep issues such as difficulty falling asleep or waking up frequently at night without being able to go back to sleep are also common symptoms along with sex drive problems (libido disorders).
Some widespread anxiety conditions encompass:
1) Anxiety disorders causing panic episodes (panic disorder), 2) Generalized anxiety disorder., 3) Obsessive-compulsive disorder and its variants., 4) Phobia-induced anxieties including social anxiety, fear of heights etc., 5) Stress reactions that develop due to extreme situations and adjustment disorders arising from major life transitions like a loss or change in employment status or relationship issues among others.) Treatments for these concerns may consist of psychotherapy methods aimed at altering destructive thought patterns and relaxation techniques; prescription medication which could be antidepressants like SSRIs or anti-anxiolytics. Often it is beneficial for patients when professionals combine both approaches tailoring them specifically based on an individual’s unique condition ensuring comprehensive care catered towards every patient’s diverse needs respectively since each scenario varies greatly calling for personalized attention accordingly.

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